The Black ant or garden ant that causes a lot of trouble in our houses. The black ant is 3.5 to 5mm long dark brown or black in colour. They usually nest outside in lawns, flowerbeds, under paving stones and in walls. The black ant is not a health hazard, but can cause a nuisance. They enter the home in search of sweet food.
They are the common garden pests that are found on a wide range of plants.
Bed bugs are parasites that preferentially feed on humans -
They live in bed clothes, mattresses, bedsprings and frames cracks, crevices and under wallpaper. The female lays about 200 -
Cockroaches carry food poisoning germ on their bodies which can spread dysentery and gastro-
They like living in kitchens and bathrooms. A female cockroach can produce 300-
The house dust mite is a cosmopolitan quest in human habitation. Dust mites feed on organic detritus such as flakes of shed human skin and flourish in the stable environment dwellings.
Dust mites are considered to be the most common causes of asthma and allergic symptoms. A female dust mite will lay between 60 to 100 eggs in five weeks.
Feral Pigeons can cause extensive damage to buildings, as their droppings are corrosive.
They are descendants of the Rock Dove so they are quite at home living in an urban environment. Pigeons tend to scavenge food, often in substantial numbers where a good food supply is readily available.
They are capable of breeding all year round if the conditions are right.
They are known carriers of diseases, which can be transferred mechanically to humans, such as salmonella and psittacosis.
Fleas are a nuisance to people and animals living in the house, some people do suffer from allergic reactions from flea bites. The bites often appear in clusters or lines.
House flies are a health risk and cause diseases, such as food -
Mice can carry a number of infectious diseases that can cause a risk to humans and animals. A female produces about 5-
Possible evidence of Mice,
Moles are a nuisance on lawns and flowerbeds etc.
Rabbits breed from January to June can move into August is the weather is good.
Gestation period 4 weeks.
2 – 4 litters per annum. 3 – 6 young per litter.
May conceive 2 days after giving birth.
Rabbits are found in hedgerows, banking, woods, gardens, farms etc. An adult rabbit does not often move further than 200 metres from the main burrow. Juveniles move up to 4km after the breeding season.
Damage caused by rabbits is estimated at £100 million per annum, they damage crops, paddocks and grass/garden areas.
Rats can carry parasites which are harmful to humans and livestock also they cause damage to property.
Brown Rats can mate at three months old. Females come into heat every four to five days.
Females have on average 3 to 7 litters a year with 6 -
After giving birth the female comes into heat in 24 hours.
Possible Evidence of rats:
They have no direct effect on human health, but can cause damage to books, textiles, tapestries, also hair silverfish will commonly be found in and around showers, baths & sinks.
Wasps are not a health hazard but can cause a painful sting and some people have an allergic reaction. A nest could house several thousand wasps.